|Pulavar Se. Rasu - Photo by V. Petchikumar|
Fertile in itself , and making
other lands too fertile
- The demarcation of
ancient Kongunadu with Palani
From a song in the literature
The God-fearing ancient Tamils
must have been rich in imagin ation. Or else, would they have made the divine couple Siva and Parvathy convince their younger son Lord Muruga as ‘Pazham Nee’ ( You are the fruit) - the expression, which must also have got corrupted to ‘Palani’. Legend has it that a disappointed Muruga settled on a mountain after his parents presented the unique gnana pazham ( Fruit of wisdom) to their ‘ elder son’ Lord Ganesha. Hence, the mountain is said to have got its name ‘ Palani ‘ as the parents appeased their younger son, beckoning him ‘ Pazham Nee’. Nevertheles s, it is high time we knew the town’s real history from the book Palani Varalatru Aavangal ( Historical documents of Palani ) by veteran Kongu historian Pulavar Se. Rasu.
“ The first song in Agananuru,
a Sangam period work, mention s the place as ‘ Pothini’ which was ruled by a robust chieftain from Aaviyar clan. The 61st song in the work also mentions Pothini as Ponnu dai Nedunagar Pothini ( The Pothini town, which is aboundi ng in gold )” says Rasu.
The octogenarian, an author of
over 100 books, is the Former head, Department of Epigraphy and Archaeology, Tamil University, Thanjavur.
Citing lines from various othe
r classical Tamil works
ing Thirumurugatruppadai and T hirupugazh, the erudite schola r points out:
“ With the town being ruled by
the Sangam age chieftains
m the Aaviyar clan, its name was ‘Aavinankudi‘. The place, which we call today ‘Palani’ was the southern border of ancient Kongunadu, whose literary pieces, stone inscrip tions and copper plate grants call the town as Thiruvaavinan kudi Nadu, Vayyaavi Nadu, Vaikaavur Nadu and so on”
Eminent archaeologist Y. Subba
rayalu, in his foreword to the book, says:
“ The stone inscriptions found
at Palani date back to variou s periods only after 12th century A.D. This research paves way to consider that only the Thiruva avinankudi Koyil located at the foot of Palani must be the ancient shrine. But, the age of the popular temple on the mountain can be confirmed only through further researche s”
Admiring the Palani temple, Ra
su notes that it is the only shrine, whose glory is sung in as many as 250 pieces of classical Tamil literature. Eminent poets of the
a Arunagirinathar, Dhandapani Swamigal, Mambala Kavichinga Navalar and many others sang paeans on the God’s abode.
Palani Varalatru Aavanangal -
In a nutshell
The comprehensive work on the
history of Palani, which was o nce the southern border of
gu region, throws new light on the town and its shrine. The book is a collection of as many as eighteen copper plate grants, a number of stone inscriptions and an appendix containing the titles of literatures on Palani. The copper plate documents include Chozhan Poorva Pattayam, Ramapayyar Cheppedu, Anjusaathiyaar Madathu Cheppedu, Devendira Pallar Cheppedu, Pandiya Vellalar Cheppedu and so on. A treasure trove on the town’s history, the book displays a r are, vintage photo of Palani, shot over 100 years ago.
Link to the article in the New Indian Express: http://epaper.newindianexpress.com/c/21116932